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When we refer to endodontics we refer to the part of dentistry that people know as root canal treatment. Endodontics is the field of dentistry that is concerned with the relief of the pain that the patients experience due to teeth that present serious dental decay, which is considered ‘dead’. Also the necrosis of the teeth, in rare occasions, can be caused due to trauma. For example, the front teeth of both children and adults due to an accident. In both cases the only way to preserve the teeth is to perform a root canal treatment. The root canal treatment is a rather misconceived treatment as most patients consider it as a painful and tiring procedure. Nevertheless, the reality is very different as the procedure has become totally painless with the use of the laser and the use of high tech tools (in the past hand tools were used). It is also worth mentioning that a root canal treatment can be completed in only one visit without tiring the patient. So our patients are quickly and effectively relieved from the pain without having to change their daily routine.

Why should the root canal treatment be performed?


To eliminate the germs that can infect other organs in your body


Every ‘dead’ tooth is infected.If the tooth canal treatment is not performed for some reason and the infection is not eliminated them the germs may go into the blood stream and consequently infect other organs.



Prevention of tooth fracture and the consequent possible extraction of the tooth

A tooth that has seriously been affected by tooth decay and is also possibly ‘dead ‘ has simultaneously become very weak. If the patient does not seek dental assistance immediately then the tooth may be fractured causing either intense pain or injuring the tongue and the jowl. The root canal treatment should firstly be performed and then the dentist will proceed to the restoration of the tooth using axes and the placement of a dental bridge.


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Prevention of excessive infection (abscess, cyst)

In many occasions ‘dead’ teeth are asymptomatic (they cause no pain) but their treatment is nonetheless of vital importance as they may lead to serious problems (abscesses, cysts, tooth mobility). The previously mentioned problems can cause intense pain and facial disfiguration.



Preservation of primary teeth so as the permanent teeth will rise in the right position

When referring to small children if the a ‘dead’ primary tooth is left without root canal treatment then it may break or the dental decay may be so serious that when the parents seek help, then there might be no other choice than the extraction of the tooth. The extraction of the tooth may lead to other problems as the adjacent teeth will start to occlude so as to fill the gap. This in the future will cause further complications as the permanent tooth will not have enough space to rise. This complication is prevented by performing the root canal treatment and by filling the primary tooth.


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