Paediatric Dentistry

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Paediatric Dentistry is the fiend of dentistry that deals with the prevention and treatment of oral diseases concerning children, adults and people with disabilities. The purpose of paediatric dentistry is to make the visit to the dentist a pleasant experience for the children insuring in such a way the lack of fear when children are visiting the dentist. Therefore, the future oral health of the children can be guaranteed as the children will consider dental treatments as pleasant ones. In order for this to be achieved the prevention of oral diseases should start early in a child’s life so the first visit to the paediatric dentist should take place on the child’s first birthday. At the age of three a prevention scheme should be created unless the paediatric dentist has a different recommendation.

What is the Paediatric Dentist Responsible For?

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Examination and identification of existing dangers for dental decay at babies, children and teenagers.
Preventive treatments such as fluoride treatment, and also the offer of advice on healthy eating habits and oral hygiene.
Advice on how to deal with habits ( such as the extensive use of a pacifier ) that can lead to orthodontic problems.
A timely diagnosis of orthodontic problems.
Dental treatment depending on the existing dental problems.
Diagnosis of illnesses that are manifested in the oral cavity such as viruses etc.
Treatment of gum problems and oral problems in general.
Treatment of dental trauma.
Aesthetic restoration of dental problems such as small frontal teeth.

Should the destructed teeth of a child be treated?

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The destructed teeth should definitely be treated as, if they left untreated they may lead to abscesses, pain, orthodontic problems and they may also affect the rise of the permanent teeth. Moreover, they may lead to more serious health problems such as infective endocarditis, sinusitis etc.

Fluoride Treatment

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Fluoride ( F ) is a natural mineral element. Small quantities of fluoride are present at drinking water and in the foods that people consume ( in different quantities in each food ). The beneficial effects of both fluoride and fluoride treatment in decay reduction have proven valuable.

How does fluoride protect our teeth?

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The germs that naturally exist in the mouth cavity, break down the sugar in the foods and produce acids. The acids destruct the hard tissues of the tooth ( enamel ) and create a fracture on the tooth surface. When the acids reach the pulp chamber ( dentine ) then dental decay is created. In the first stages dental decay cannot be identified by the patient easily. It can only be identified by the dentist. Fluoride has the unique characteristic of making dentine less easily destructed by the acids produced by the germs. Moreover, fluoride can also repair small damaged on the tooth surface.

Sealants

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Sealants are materials that cover tooth cavities so as to stop dental decay. The gridding of the tooth is not necessary for the application of sealants. Sealants are usually placed on permanent teeth. Nevertheless, they can also be placed on primary teeth. Sealants should be checked by the dentist so as to supplement them or replace them when necessary. In such a way the teeth can be protected for a longer time.