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Periodontitis: Reasons that Cause it, Symptoms and Treatment

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Periodontal Diseases are serious inflammatory diseases which, if left untreated, may lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of the teeth. Periodontal diseases can affect just one or several teeth. Periodontitis is mainly caused by microorganisms that adhere and grow on the tooth surface.

Nevertheless, there are several other causes which may lead to periodontitis as for example smoking, diabetes, stress, heredity, unhealthy nutritional habits, obesity, gashing as well as the use of several medications.

How can we understand that we suffer from Periodontidis ( Symptoms )

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Some of the symptoms of Periodontitis include gum swelling that recurs, red and bleeding gums, teeth sensitivity and bad breath.

The Periodontal disease usually presents symptoms when it has progressed. Some of the warning signs of the disease, however, include:

  • Red, swollen gums or oral pain.
  • Gum bleeding while brushing teeth, using dental floss or biting into hard food.
  • Gingival recession resulting in apparent lengthening of the teeth
  • Oral irritation among the teeth.
  • Recurring bad breath
  • Appearance of pus between the gums and the teeth.
  • Occlusion
  • Oral lesions

What is the treatment for the Periodontal Disease

The treatment choices for the Periodontal Disease are the following:

  • Non – Surgical Treatments ( Conservative Treatment ).
  • Surgical Treatments.
  • Laser Treatments.

Non Surgical Treatments ( Conservative Treatments )

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The non surgical treatment includes a careful cleaning of the root surface and the removal of microbial plaque and calculus from below the gum line. This type of treatment might require multiple visits to the dental clinic and also local anaesthesia. An additional treatment including the prescription of drugs may also prove to be necessary.

Surgical Treatments


The surgical treatment may prove to be necessary when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy. The following are the four most commonly used surgical procedures for the treatment of the periodontal disease.

  • Pocket Reduction
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration
  • Crown Lengthening
  • Soft Tissue Implants

Laser Treatment


Several studies have shown that the use of laser can improve the effectiveness of the treatment. Also with the use of the laser we have a thorough sterilisation of the periodontic pocket. It is also important to mention that the bleeding, swelling as well as the patient’s discomfort are minimised when the laser is used. Moreover, each laser unit operates in different wave lengths making it possible for these laser units to be used in a variety of periodontal procedures.

Cosmetic Procedures

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Apart from the procedures for the treatment of the periodontal disease there are several aesthetic procedures that can make your smile even more beautiful. The combination of the previously mentioned procedures ensures a healthy and beautiful smile.