Prosthodontics

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What is meant by the term dental prosthodontics? Why should dental Prosthodintics be used?

Prosthodontics is the field of dentistry which deals with the design and the appliance of structures which replace the natural teeth that have been lost, with false teeth. Combining the scientific knowledge with the laboratory experience, prosthodontics guarantees the best possible results both from an aesthetic but also from a functional point of view.

Should the teeth that have been lost, be replaced?

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The loss of the natural teeth has consequences both for the oral health but also for the overall health of the patient. For this reason, the lost teeth should be replaced as soon as possible. If this is not done then both aesthetic and functional problems can arise. For example,the adjacent teeth will start to occlude. Also, the patient will have chewing and speech problems. Finally, problems will also arise in the occlusion and function of the jaws and with the general health of the patient.

How can we replace the teeth that have been lost?

Several ways exist in which the teeth that have been lost can be replaced. If we want to categorise the available techniques we could separate them in the following groups:

  • Fixed prosthetic dental works (bridges or tooth crowns )
  • Dentures ( full and partial dentures )
  • Dental works based on implants


Dental Bridges

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Dental Bridge is called the fixed prosthetic dental work that replaces one or more teeth that have been lost. The bridges are based on at least two adjacent natural teeth. Dental bridges are firmly attached to the natural teeth. On the contrary, mobile dentures can be removed and placed in the mouth by the patient himself.

Mobile Dentures

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Mobile dentures are prosthetic dental works that are designed in order to be removed and placed in the mouth by the patient himself.

Implants

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An implant is a screw made of titanium which is placed by the dentist in the patient’s mouth. The screw replaces the root of the natural tooth when the natural tooth has been extracted for some reason.

The implant is considered the most advanced and reliable way for the replacement of natural teeth.